Male-pattern hair loss/baldness is the most common type of hair loss in men. It affects around 25% of men by the time they reach 30 years old and 50% of men by the time they reach 50 years old.
Hair strands sit inside a cavity in the skin known as follicles. Hair loss occurs when the hair follicle shrinks over time, resulting in shorter and finer hair. Eventually, the follicle stops growing new hair strands. This process is caused by genetic factors and the male sex hormones (Androgens). How much hair will be lost is largely determined by hereditary factors.Male pattern hair loss commonly follows a pattern of a receding hairline, which gradually moves further back into an “M” shape. Hair then continues thinning on the crown, which eventually spreads over the entire crown area, creating a bald “U” shape on the top of the scalp.
The time-frame from when the hair loss process begins a complete baldness of the crown is typically 15-25 years. However, some men can go completely bald in less than 5 years. Male pattern hair loss is usually permanent and cannot be stopped.
Other possible causes of hair loss in men:
Hair loss can sometimes be caused by other medical conditions. This is normally the case if hair loss occurs in patches, there is a lot of hair shedding, the hair breaks easily, or you there is hair loss accompanied by redness, scaling, or pain.
In the following cases, a visit to a medical professional may be needed to diagnose any disorders that could be causing the hair loss:
- If the hair loss occurs in an atypical pattern, including rapid hair loss, rapid shedding, loss in patches, or severe breakage.
- If the hair loss occurs with itching, skin irritation, redness, scaling, pain, pus or other symptoms.
- If the hair loss begins after taking medication
There a numerous treatment option available on the market to combat hair loss in men:
There are just two clinically proven drug treatments which can prevent further hair loss and promote regrowth. Finasteride (more commonly known as Propecia) and Minoxidil (most commonly known as Regaine). A combination of both products is usually recommended for best results. However once you cease treatment, you will lose the hair that was re-grown and eventually revert to your previous pattern of hair loss.
Hair weaves, hairpieces, or treatments such as Scalp Micropigmentation (SMP) can help to disguise the hair loss and thinning hair. Through state-of-the art technology, SMP creates the appearance of tiny hair follicles that help give the appearance of fuller /thicker hair.
These options are usually the most cost-effective and safest approach to treat male baldness/hair loss.
Hair transplantation consists of removing tiny plugs of hair from areas where the hair is still growing and placing them in the areas that are balding. Complications include, scarring and infection. The procedure usually requires multiple sessions and can be costly.
Suturing hair pieces to the scalp is not recommended. It can result in scars, infections, and abscess of the scalp.
If you have a genetic predisposition for male-pattern baldness, there’s little you can do to prevent it from happening. Treatments can slow down the process, but there’s no cure. However, you shouldn’t have to accept your hair loss fate, if It’s something that bothers you. There are options such as SMP with Precision Scalp available that can camouflage the thinning hair on your scalp or create the look of a shaved head with a full hairline.